Species: Ovis Aries
Arabic: kharouf (male)
Sheep (Ovis Aries) may be the first domesticated ruminant, tamed by nomadic people in the Middle East and Asia 11,000 years ago, perhaps even before agriculture gave rise to civilization. Thousands of years before sheep appear in the writings of Abrahamic faiths, they were slaughtered for religious rituals. Sheep is one of the animals mentioned by name in the Qur’an.
Sheep are gregarious in nature; they flock together or love to be with a group. They are defenseless for the most part against predators. Sheep in other hand are precocial; they have a high degree of independence at birth that they can stand on their feet shortly after birth.
Sheep meat and milk were one of the earliest staple proteins consumed by human civilization. Sheep meat prepared for food is known as either mutton or lamb. Mutton refers to a meat of an adult sheep. A sheep in its first year is called a lamb; and its meat is also called lamb which is the most expensive.
A sheep is believed to have become the most expensive animal trade of the year in Saudi Arabia after selling for 1 million riyals.